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Sandstone landscapes in Europe
Past, present and future

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Vianden (Luxbg.)
25-28 May 2005
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Archeology

Roman sandstone quarry in Nommern - © Sept. 2002 by F. Valotteau - MNHA

Snake-shaped petroglyphs in Nommern - © Sept. 2001 by F. Valotteau - MNHA

Rock-shelter from Mantzebaach - © Sept. 2001 by J.-P. Stein - SPL

Stone axes polishing stone from Nommern - © Sept. 2002 by F. Valotteau - MNHA

Cave excavations in Waldbillig (Karelslé), Middle Neolithic (around 4800 B.C.) - © Sept. 1997 by F. Le Brun-Ricalens

Pseudo-dolmen of Schnellert in Berdorf, neolithic grave (around 2600 B.C.) - © Sept. 2000 by C. Weber - MNHA

Grave from Bell Becker culture of Altwies - « Op dem Boesch » (around 2300 BC) - © 2001 by C. Weber - MNHA

Eroded block known as ‚The Mushroom’. Important pre- and protohistoric find-place. Nommern ‚Lock’ - © 10-1984 by Marc Heinen

Rock carving known as ‚The Black Man’.  Gallo-roman period (?) between Waldbillig and Müllerthal - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

Rock carving showing a couple. Gallo-roman period. Altlinster ‚Häertcheslä’ - © 1-1985 by Marc Heinen

Horseshoe marks. Unknown period. Marienthal ‚Reiterlä’ - © 4-2001 by Marc Heinen

Boulder covered with groove marks. Prehistoric period. Waldbillig - © 4-1998 by Marc Heinen

Traces of millstone extraction. 18. siècle. Berdorf, ‚Piteschkummer’ - © 1-1987 by Marc Heinen


Architecture

The castle of Beaufort built in sandstone - © 1995 by Yves Krippel

Asyl head. Medieval period. Septfontaines, church - © 1-1989 by Marc Heinen

Tombstone. 18. century. Junglinster, churchyard - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

Justice House of the abbey of Echternach. Medieval period. Echternach, ‚Dënzelt’ - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

 

Botany

Hart’s-tongue (Asplenium scolopendrium L.) - © 2001 by Yves Krippel

Lobed Maidenhair Spleenwort (Asplenium trichomanes subsp. pachyrhachis (H. CHRIST) LOVIS et REICHST.) - © 2001 by Yves Krippel

Great Horsetail (Equisetum telmateia EHRH.) - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Tunbridge Filmy-Fern (Hymenophyllum tunbrigense (L.) Sm.), a highlight for the Flora of Luxembourg - © 2001 by Yves Krippel

Hard Shield-fern (Polystichum aculeatum (L.) ROTH) - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

The diversity of mosses and lichens is remarkable in the sandstone area - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

Narrow crevices with special microclimatic conditions hold often rare cryptogams - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Killarney fern gametophytes (Trichomanes speciosum WILLD.) under an overhang in the Petite-Suisse area - © 2001 by Yves Krippel

English scientists on a visit in the Petite-Suisse area - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) is the dominant species in the forests on sandstone in Luxembourg - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Scott’s Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) on sandstone outcrops - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Diphyscium foliosum (Musci). Frequent on shaded, acid and sandy slopes of “Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise” - ©  by F. Hans

Jamesoniella autumnalis (Hepaticae). On sandstone bolder near Haller (Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise) - ©  by L. Reichling & J.Werner

Sphagnum quinquefarium (Musci). On humiferous sandstone rock near Larochette ( Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise) - ©  by J.Werner

«  Schéissentëmpel », Mullerthal (Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise). Some rare bryophytes have disappeared from this touristy site - ©  by J. Werner

Didymodon glaucus (Musci). A  rare moss of very shaded calcareous sandstone. Consdorf, Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise - ©  by J.Werner

Tetradontium brownianum (Musci). Specialized rare moss of overhanging sandstone rock. Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise - ©  by F. Hans

Scapania mucronata (Hepaticae). On shaded sandstone amidst the City of Luxembourg (Petrusse valley) - ©  by L. Reichling

   

Geology

Ancient millstone quarry "Houlay" near Berdorf - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

"Predigtstull" near Berdorf, outcrops are exploited to a maximum - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Honeycomb weathering is a typical erosion figure in the Petite-Suisse area - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Honeycomb weathering on Luxembourg Sandstone - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

Typical rock formations in the Luxembourg sandstone area - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

"Perekop" an impressive sandstone outcrop near Berdorf - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Narrow crevices are particular to the Petite-Suisse area - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Effects of erosion on vertical sandstone structures. Berdorf ‚Zickzackschloeff’ - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

Effects of erosion on vertical sandstone structures. Berdorf ‚Zickzackschloeff’ - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

Abandonned local carry. Brouch/Mersch - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

   

Landscape

English scientists on a visit in the Petite-Suisse area - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) is the dominant species in the forests on sandstone in Luxembourg - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Scott’s Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) on sandstone outcrops - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Typical rock formations in the Luxembourg sandstone area - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

"Perekop" an impressive sandstone outcrop near Berdorf - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Narrow crevices are particular to the Petite-Suisse area - © 2000 by Yves Krippel

Tourist trail in the valley "Aesbech" near Berdorf - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

Sandstone bloc covered with mosses in a beech forest - © 2001 by Yves Krippel

The "Halerbaach" near Beaufort, a paradise for cryptogams - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

View from Berdorf over the valley of the "Ernz Noire" - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

The river "Ernz noire" near Vugelsmillen - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

Rock-shelter from Mantzebaach - © Sept. 2001 by J.-P. Stein - SPL

«  Schéissentëmpel », Mullerthal (Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise). Some rare bryophytes have disappeared from this touristy site - ©  by J. Werner


Tourism

The castle of Beaufort built in sandstone - © 1995 by Yves Krippel

Ancient millstone quarry "Houlay" near Berdorf - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

"Predigtstull" near Berdorf, outcrops are exploited to a maximum - © 1997 by Yves Krippel

Climbing, one major attraction in the Petite-Suisse area, is strictly ruled by bylaws - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

Tourist trail in the valley "Aesbech" near Berdorf - © 1994 by Yves Krippel

«  Schéissentëmpel », Mullerthal (Petite-Suisse Luxembourgeoise). Some rare bryophytes have disappeared from this touristy site - ©  by J. Werner

Eroded block known as ‚The Mushroom’. Important pre- and protohistoric find-place. Nommern ‚Lock’ - © 10-1984 by Marc Heinen

Rock carving known as ‚The Black Man’.  Gallo-roman period (?) between Waldbillig and Müllerthal - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

Rock carving showing a couple. Gallo-roman period. Altlinster ‚Häertcheslä’ - © 1-1985 by Marc Heinen

Asyl head. Medieval period. Septfontaines, church - © 1-1989 by Marc Heinen

Tombstone. 18. century. Junglinster, churchyard - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

Justice House of the abbey of Echternach. Medieval period. Echternach, ‚Dënzelt’ - © 7-2004 by Marc Heinen

 

Zoology

Colony of Riparia riparia (Aves, Hirudinidae). Luxembourg Sandstone. Beckerich. - © 1997 by Nico Schneider

Bourgade of Colletes daviesanus (Hymenoptera, Colletidae). Luxembourg Sandstone. Steinfort. - © 1998 by Nico Schneider

Bourgade of Colletes daviesanus (Hymenoptera, Colletidae). Luxembourg Sandstone. Schleifmühle. - © 1995 by Nico Schneider

Bourgade of Colletes daviesanus (Hymenoptera, Colletidae). Buntsandstein in Western Eifel. Tawern (D). - © 1997 by Nico Schneider

 


 
The castle of Beaufort built in sandstone - © 1995 by Yves Krippel

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